Traditional dovetailed infill planes

The No.982 Smoother.


No.982 Smoother. Having made traditional infill planes for over 20 years and been aware of their shortcomings, it was inevitable that I would take a long and serious look at planes in general. I have taken the infill plane to a higher standard of precision and detail and you would be hard pressed to find its peer.

The problem with infilling is that the plane becomes vulnerable to the dimensional instability of wood. Even though I have remained fairly loyal to the Norris patterns and made many improvements to them, there is still this piece of wood that is shrinking and expanding with environmental changes. It is either pressing on the sides or contracting away from the sides.


No.982 - Rear View. In order to maintain the standards and precision that I have always wanted to achieve I have had to take the wooden stuffing away, but still retain the wooden handles. The changes have been incorporated into my No 98 series. By using a fabricated design I have gained some advantages:
  • A better choice of materials
  • Easier access
  • Improved accuracy all round
  • Unrivalled uniformity
  • Excellent finishing texture on the internal faces
The material being used in the No 982 is hot rolled black steel which has no stresses. Unlike the No 98, the No 982 uses a combination of screwing and taper pins, this is extremely strong and adds no stress, compared to peining. I will discuss the importance of stresses in my blog.

All of my wood work is Danish oiled and waxed for the final finish. French polish or lacquer are very poor alternatives and are prone to scratching, cracking, blooming and is difficult to maintain. The benefits of oiling are easier maintenance and, in this application, has the right finish i.e. no clogging or veiling of the wood and it allows you to see the true beauty. I have heard it implied that oiling is the easy option, but this couldn’t be more wrong. Some of the more experienced members of our craft will assure you that the work and standard for the preparation for oiling is considerably higher because the oiling will show up the slightest blemish.

  • No.982 - View of Body.
  • No.982 - Showing rear handle fixing.
  • No.982 - Handles.
  • No.982 - Lever Cap.

No.982 - Adjuster. The lever cap has been painstakingly machined from a solid bar of naval brass (CZ112) and incorporates a Norris style square thread 7/16 x 14 tpi. The thumb screw uses the same knurl as the adjuster knob. You will notice the lever cap has my initials KH in art deco style which will be used on all my new planes.

The No 982 has a completely new adjuster design which represents a big advance on the traditional Norris pattern and will run much smoother under difficult loads. It uses a desirable single thread thus the adjuster stem keeps in station with the blade. This newly designed adjuster having more complex elements, including a body which incorporates a pair of slideways for the traveller thus relieving many of the stresses to the threads. The brass knob to the stem has a neatly indexed knurl, with my signature hexagon broach fitting.

The No 982 is a finishing plane which uses a bevel down principle at 55 degrees, York pitch, making it much more attractive for those difficult grains. The bevel down blade has opened up new design opportunities and retains the plane's compact ergonomics whilst staying within the essential design parameters. It has resulted in much more effective workable lateral adjustment and has a lot of rigidity with two bridges. The extra weight is desirable for a lot of people though for me it was only a by-product as I wanted the strength and rigidity which allows me to surface grind with no problems.

No.982 - Front Handle.
  • No.982 - Front View including lever cap.
  • No.982 - View of plane body.
  • No.982 - Front handle fixing.
  • No.982 - Rear handle.
You might have noticed that the bottoms and sides are much heavier sections than the No 98, (at least 40% extra weight) the extra weight is desirable. This gives the plane greater accuracy and better stability, less flex in use. Most people would be very surprised if they knew how much these tools can flex in use.

All the surfaces inside and outside are precision surface ground and hand polished where appropriate. Some people may think this is over the top but once they have used the plane it might change their outlook. I also think I have managed to retain the classical features of this kind of tool rather than be too contemporary.

The distinctive angled front bun is for ergonomic reasons. It feels a lot more comfortable to use.

The 982 is a not a successor to the No 98 and there will be other planes in the series based around the No 98, e.g. the next one I make will be numbered No 983. The '2' does not mean mark 2.

No.982 - Exploded View. There have never been any hand planes as well made and to such high standards in the history of plane making. I am hoping that the exploded drawing [right] will indeed convince people as to the design considerations, skill and effort that has gone into the 982’s development, as a well known tool manufacturer said I tend to hide all my work.






The picture to the left shows a No.982 made with polymer handles. These handles are worked by machine and hand in exactly the same way as I work with rosewood. Polymer has the advantage of being dimensionally stable at all but the most extreem temperatures, this example has a horn finish. Please visit my blog to see workshop pictures showing the making of these handles (links below).

A window to my workshop 44 - A few more pictures on the subject of polymer.

Knobs - working rosewood and polymer side by side